The Arabian horse originated in the Arabian Peninsula (the Middle East) over 4,500 years ago and is considered one of the oldest and purest breeds in the world.  The Arabian horse was originally bred as a war horse and proved to be loyal and extremely hard working. They are a breed with high spirits and the ability to learn quickly.  To the original Arab people the horse was known as Keheilan, meaning “pure blood “.  When the Arabian horse lived in the desert many years ago it is said the owners would bring them into their tents for protection.  Arabians are used now in many areas including showing, competitions, and for pleasure. The physical characteristics of the Arabian horse are very distinct.  They carry a small head with a dished type face, their eyes and nostrils are larger in comparison to the size of their head.  They have a beautifully arched neck and carry their tail high in the air when moving at any pace faster than a walk. The Arabian horse has 5 vertebrae instead of the typical 6, they also have 17 pairs of ribs instead of 18. Arabian horses dominate the endurance racing world because they were bred to travel long distances across the desert.  Arabian horses are a smaller breed generally between 14.2-15.2 hh. Even though they might be physically smaller than other breeds they are still very strong.  The bones of an Arabian horse are dense and the back is broad. The United States Equestrian Federation allows Arabian Stallions as one of the few breeds that can be shown by a child.  This breed is recognized by the Arabian Horse Association as a pure bred with the coat colors bay, grey, chestnut, black and roan (not common).  Bay is the most common color you will find in registered pure breed Arabian horses.

Arabians are described as hot-headed by some.   This can make the job of training them in any discipline including Dressage and Show Jumping a challenging task.  They are among the smartest of the breeds and react extremely negative to any abuse.  On the other hand many argue that the intelligence of the Arabian allows training to be done easily and efficiently if the horse bonds with the trainer and respects them.

The Arabian horse is very versatile and considered suited too many different types of riders, however they might not be a good choice for a nervous or anxious rider as the Arabian horse typically responds better with a confident rider. Arabian horses compete in classes such as Halter, English, Western, Hunter and Jumper, Native Costume, Polo competitions, Cutting, Roping, Youth Classes, Driving and Harness, Trail Riding, Horse Racing as well as every day working cattle ranches and a wonderful choice for children.

Many Arabian horses have shown that the breed is not limited to competing against only other Arabian horses but have competed against other breeds as well. In modern times the Arabian horse has taken on the challenge of horse shows, horse races and competitions where they are put up against other breeds, and the Arabian horse has defeated other breeds often.

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